HomePhilippine Journal of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgeryvol. 31 no. 1 (2016)

An Initial Survey of Septorhinoplasty in Crooked Nose Deformities

Cesar V. Villafuerte Jr. | Alexander Edward S. Dy | Jose Florencio F. Lapena Jr.

 

Abstract:

Objective: Crooked nose deformity is a commonly seen reason for septorhinoplasty in the
otolaryngology clinic. The purpose of this study is to initially determine the different etiologies
of patients with crooked nose deformities who underwent septorhinoplasty, and to describe
the different types of crooked nose by their level of deviation and surgical management in our
institution.
Methods:
Design: Case Series
Setting: Tertiary Public University Hospital
Participants: A chart review of all patients with a crooked nose deformity who were admitted at the otorhinolaryngology ward of the National University Hospital and underwent septorhinoplasty from January 2012 to January 2015 was conducted, and data consisting of age, sex, etiology of crooked nose deformity, level of deviation, cartilage source, and surgical intervention were obtained and analyzed.
Results: A total of 21 patients underwent septorhinoplasty for crooked nose deformity in the
study period. The most common etiology for crooked nose was physical violence (13/21 or 62%), followed by sports injury (4/21 or 19%), vehicular accidents (2/21 or 9%), and accidental fall (1/21 or 5%). There were more upper and middle third deviations than lower third deviations. Sixteen out of 21 patients (76%) underwent open rhinoplasty, while the rest underwent an endonasal approach. Twelve (57%) underwent intervention on the nasal fracture after at least a year (old or neglected fracture) as compared to the 9 (43%) who had immediate intervention after less than two weeks. Thirteen used septal cartilage, while 4 used conchal cartilage, and 1 used tragal cartilage. The most common grafts used were spreader and camouflage, followed closely by dorsal onlay, and columellar strut grafts.
Conclusions: The majority of crooked nose deformities that were subjected to septorhinoplasty
in our department were secondary to old nasal bone fractures caused by physical violence. Upper and middle third level deviations were more common, and most underwent open rhinoplasty with autologous cartilage grafts. Future studies may increase our understanding of, and improve our techniques in septorhinoplasty for crooked nose deformities in Filipino noses in particular, and Asian noses in general.