Any country starting an independent existence has to undergo a difficult process of adjustment. This is particularly true with the Republic of the Philippines which attained its nationhood just after going through the travails of a devastating war.
On July 4. 1946, the national treasury was empty. The farms had been abandoned; work animals had almost been completely consumed during the three years of near-starvation; factories were idle; countless school children were either on the streets for lack of accommodation or attending classes under the trees; millions of people were starving and sick without immediate hope of getting food and medicine; the homeless were everywhere and the national leaders were divided on the question of collaboration and other political issues.