HomeThe Journal of Historyvol. 12 no. 1 & 2 (1964)

The Republic of the Philippines: Period of Adjustment

Eufronio M. Alip

Discipline: History, Philippine History



Any country starting an independent existence has to undergo a difficult process of adjustment. This is particularly true with the Republic of the Philippines which attained its nationhood just after going through the travails of a devastating war.


On July 4. 1946, the national treasury was empty. The farms had been abandoned; work animals had almost been completely consumed during the three years of near-starvation; factories were idle; countless school children were either on the streets for lack of accommodation or attending classes under the trees; millions of people were starving and sick without immediate hope of getting food and medicine; the homeless were everywhere and the national leaders were divided on the question of collaboration and other political issues.