HomePhilippine Journal of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgeryvol. 31 no. 2 (2016)

Accuracy of Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy in Diagnosing Parotid Gland Malignancy

Kathleen Joy B. Santiago | Rodante A. Roldan | Samantha S. Castañeda, Md

 

Abstract:

Objective: To determine the sensitivity, specifcity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and overall accuracy of FNAB in detecting parotid malignancies in our institution.

Methods:

Design: Retrospective Chart Review

Setting: Tertiary Government Hospital

Participants: Postoperative records of seventy six (76) patients with tumors of the parotid gland preoperatively diagnosed by FNAB. Results: The sensitivity of FNAB was 46%. The specifcity and positive predictive value were both 100% and negative predictive value was 90%. Overall accuracy in diagnosing malignant parotid tumor was 91%.

Conclusion: FNAB in this institution is a poor predictor of malignancy, having a sensitivity rate of only 46%. While this may serve as a basis for not recommending pre-operative FNAB for patients with parotid tumors in the interim, other factors should also be considered, including concerns with the actual performance and interpretion of FNAB in our institution.