Coastal communities are deemed to be the most vulnerable sector to global climate change and disaster risks. Coastal peripherals are also the most dynamic natural environment because of the range of resources and services that are essential to every individual. People have settled in these areas to take advantage of these opportunities. However, due to the changing climate and environment, the biophysical phenomena, socio-economic conditions, and the psychological modulation of the populace are at risks.
This study investigates the impacts of climate change focusing on the following aspects: the extent of biophysical changes that the communities are experiencing; the socio-economic and psychological effects on the people (e.g. fishermen) due to their perceived and experienced environmental impacts; and the different initiatives and programs of the local agencies that address the effects and risks of climate change.
Participatory Action Research, an environmental and social accepted tool, was used in this study. DPSIR Framework was integrated as part of the Community-Based Disaster Risk Management.