HomePhilippine Journal of Veterinary Medicinevol. 55 no. 1 (2018)

Physiological Responses, Cortisol Level And Analgesia In Goats Subjected To Exploratory Laparotomy Under Acupuncture And Regional Analgesia

Jessica M. Cadoy, Dvm, Ms | Jezie A. Acorda, Dvm, Magr, Phd

 

Abstract:

The study was conducted to explore an alternative method of producing analgesia for surgical procedure in goats. Eighteen apparently healthy 1-3 years old female Philippine native goats, weighing 10-20 kg, were divided randomly into three groups with six animals each and subjected to the following: 1) distal paravertebral nerve block (DPNB) using lidocaine hydrochloride; 2) conventional needle acupuncture (CNA) through needling of Acupoints BA04, 31, 22, 26 and 47; and 3) aquapuncture using 2% chili pepper decoction (AQP) to stimulate the same acupoints as in CNA. Exploratory laparotomy was conducted, and analgesia, physiological responses and cortisol level in the animals were determined. Good to excellent surgical analgesia was produced in all six goats of DPNB, five animals in AQP and one animal in CNA. Heart rate, respiratory rate and temperature were within normal levels in all groups, although higher values were observed in CAN and AQP than in DPNB. A higher than normal cortisol value was recorded in all treatment groups perioperatively. The results suggest that aquapuncture using chili pepper decoction can be used as an alternative to distal paravertebral nerve block in producing surgical analgesia for laparotomy in goats.