HomeIAMURE International Journal of Ecology and Conservationvol. 22 no. 1 (2017)

Phytochemical Screening and Anti-Microbial Property of Bikal (Schizostachyum diffusum) against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Aspergillus niger, and Candida albicans

Julius T. Capili | Jack M. Regala | Reymel B. Magora



Schizostachyum diffusum is used as a medicinal plant to treat ailments that deal with microbial infections. The study aimed to determine the antimicrobial activity of S. diffusum against Staphyloccocusaureus, Escherichia coli, Aspergillus niger, and Candida albicans. Phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of tannins, steroids, flavonoids, terpenoids, phlobotannins, and coumarins. Anti microbial activity of the aqueous and methanolic leaf extracts were evaluated using the Kirby-Bauer Diffusion test. The highest anti-microbial potential observed was the methanolic extract which inhibited the growth of C. albicans. The result show that the different experimental units and treatment consisting of the control has significant difference at 1% level. The other sources of variation, namely the type of extract and the replications, did not exhibit interaction effects.