Publication is the most visible sign of an active researcher. It is central to a research career and academic advancement. Also, the institution gains prestige and the researcher gains a notable reputation and career rewards. The study summarized the findings from a systematic investigation into existing literature and views regarding the factors that aﬀect faculty research productivity, to discuss themes and components of such work, and to propose a conceptual framework. A systematic analysis of existing literature was used to address the problems. It is found that faculty research productivity is inﬂuenced by individual factors
(self-efficacy, affiliation, motivation, commitment, orientation, basic and advance research skills, sense of achievements, contributing to society, sense of responsibility, scholarly pursuit, autonomy and ﬂexibility, satisfying interest and curiosity), institutional factors (have fewer course preparations, staﬀ support, advising and mentoring, resources, rewards, sufficient work time, culture, research emphasis, tenure and promotion, financial rewards, satisfying performance standards, peer and social recognition), leadership factors (highly regarded able scholar, research oriented, work for departments with a similar priority placed on research). Ascriptive factors refer to gender, an age of a faculty member at a given point in time, intelligence, a personality of the individual. The paper has implications for higher education institution administrators regarding managing faculty members’ research performance.