HomeMindanao Journal of Science and Technologyvol. 13 no. 1 (2015)

Upland and Coastal Freshwater Sources in Misamis Oriental, Philippines: A Comparison of Water Quality

Ronnie L. Besagas | Antonio Y. Asoy | Myrna S. Ceniza | Girlie D. Leopoldo | Noel T. Dael | Romeo M. Del Rosario



This paper compared upland and coastal spring freshwaters in Misamis Oriental in terms of their physico-chemical properties, heavy metal contents, and microbiological characteristics. The physico-chemical properties included the following: turbidity, temperature, pH, conductivity, total dissolve solids (TDS), salinity, chlorides, total hardness and total organic carbon (TOC). The heavy metals determined were lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), aluminum (Al), arsenic (As), mercury (Hg), antimony (Sb), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), and iron (Fe). For the microbiological assessment, total coliform count and E. coli detection was tested.