This study aimed to assess the Bajo Community from a social and Economic perspective, in North Kolaka District, Southeast Sulawesi Province. Samples were selected purposively with five people from the Bajo community. Data collection methods used were participatory observation, in-depth interviews, and documentation studies. Data were analyzed using qualitative descriptive approach. The results showed that the Bajo community socially experienced an increase from underdevelopment towards a little progress that was marked by the existence of Bajo people who began to adapt and continue to interact with people outside the Bajo tribe, both those who worked with fishermen and those who did not. An economic perspective proves that local people can carry out social mobility through business expansion towards the mode of production of capitalism. Where the catch of fishermen of Bajo community becomes daily necessities and can be sent out of the area to get higher profits. Here the theory of Tonnies has managed to distinguish traditional and modern concepts in a social organization.