HomeΦιλοσοφια: International Journal of Philosophyvol. 21 no. 1 (2020)

RELIGIOUS PLURALISM AND RELIGIOUS BELIEF IN VIETNAM TODAY

Nguyen Thi Minh Ngoc

 

Abstract:

Vietnam is a communist country. For a Marxist ideologue, “religion is the opium of the masses.” But many communist countries—over the years—have evolved from a strictly atheistic persuasion to a tolerance for religious practices. Except probably in North Korea, this transformation from an atheistic perspective to religious tolerance has become a phenomenon in communist countries like Russia and China. Vietnam did not have that experience. This paper will show that religious pluralism was tolerated, even accepted, in communist Vietnam. I will show how vibrant this religious amalgamation is in Vietnam and demonstrate, as in the case of market economics thriving in communist countries, that Vietnamese communism and religious pluralism can robustly coexist with each other.