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HomeIAMURE International Journal of Ecology and Conservationvol. 30 no. 1 (2020)

Antibacterial Effect of Termite Mushroom (Termitomyces clypeatus) and False Truffle (Scleroderma polyrhizum) Against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli

Nero M. Paderes | Merylle Kate B Bernal

 

Abstract:

This study aimed to test the antibacterial effect of termite mushroom (Termitomyces clypeatus) and false truffle (Scleroderma polyrhizum) against Staphylococcus aureusand Escherichia coli”. Specifically, it aimed: (1) to determine the zone of inhibition produced by the different extracts of termite mushroom and false truffle against S.aureus and E.coli at 75%, 50%, and 25% concentration; (2) to determine if there is a significant difference between the effects of the different extracts of termite mushroom and false truffle against S. aureus and E. coli at 75%, 50%, and 25% concentration; (3) to determine which of the three concentrations of the extracts of termite mushroom and false truffle has the best antibacterial effect against S. aureus and E. coli. Based on the findings, at 50% concentration both termite mushroom and false truffle extracts exhibited antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus with a mean zone of inhibition of 19.34 mm and 19.97 mm respectively. Among the different concentrations of extracts, 50% concentration has the highest mean followed by 75% concentration and 25% concentration. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) revealed a highly significant difference existed among different treatments, which means that different concentrations have different inhibitory effects. The researchers recommend the following: phytochemical analysis of termite mushroom and false truffle must be conducted; other bacterial strains should be tested; since E. coli and S. aureus are sensitive at 50% concentration of the termite mushroom and false truffle extracts, it is recommended that it could be used as an antibacterial treatment; and further studies on antibacterial effect of other indigenous mushrooms should be conducted.