HomeLiceo Journal of Higher Education Researchvol. 5 no. 2 (2008)

Worldwide Patterns of Education Across Human Development Indicators

Alicia E. Anghay | Genaro V. Japos

Discipline: Economics, Education



The study determined the worldwide pattern of education across human development indicators through data mining. Indicators were analyzed using cluster analysis, Pearson product moment coefficient of correlation, and multiple regression analysis (stepwise regression analysis). Countries high or medium HDI are better off socially, economically, and politically compared to countries with low HDI. People with high quality of life came from countries with high human development index, high education index, high life expectancy, high GDP, controlled population growth, low poverty index, low spending for debt, and high usage of telephones. Social and economic development is evidenced by high access to education, healthy and long life, high access to resources needed for decent living, controlled population growth, low poverty rate, less government corruption, sufficient fund allocation for education, low spending for debt payment, and active use of ICTs. The main predictor of education across countries regardless of the level of human development index is the human poverty index. Poverty deprives people access to education, hindering the development of a person’s potentials necessary for a productive and healthy life in a society. Rapid population growth, limited government funding for education, and large spending for debt further limit people’s access to education.