HomeSulo: International Refereed Journal of Multidisciplinary Sciencesvol. 8 no. 1 (2020)

Assessment of vulnerability using rapid agricultural risk assessment of fresh vegetable supply chain in coastal agricultural land, Yogyakarta Province, Indonesia

Banun Diyah Probowati | Adi Djoko Guritno | Mochammad Maksum | Dyah Ismoyowati

 

Abstract:

Supply chain vulnerability is exposure to events that disrupt supply chain performance. Due to the complexity and nature of the supply chain that are interconnected at each stage and the effects of disruptions that vary widely, it is very important to understand the structure of the supply chain and how its vulnerabilities that occur can lead to performance disruptions in the supply chain. This study aims to identify risks, evaluate risks, and assess supply chain vulnerability for vegetable commodities in coastal agricultural lands. The sampling method used in this study was purposive sampling with a total sample of 60 farmer respondents. The research location is located on the coast of Yogyakarta Province, Indonesia. The standard of vulnerability analysis uses the Rapid Agricultural Risk Assessment method (Javee et al., 2010). The results showed that there were 6 identified risks at the farm level, namely: weather, natural disasters, biological environment, production technology, markets, logistics (including delivery of production products). At the level of farmers, as the first level in the supply chain, the potential for vulnerability is the highest, which is market risk, followed by vulnerability factors for the biological environment and production technology (classified as medium vulnerable), weather factors, natural disasters, logistics (classified as low vulnerable). Market conditions have a direct impact on farmers because they affect farmers' income, thereby increasing the uncertainty of profits, so that farmers try hard to produce quality commodities to get maximum profit. Market condition factors are in the form of price fluctuations and sales uncertainty so that farmers try to overcome them with various preventive activities, namely decisions on types of plant commodities, use of production inputs, long-term production results, quality of production and avoiding decreased income.