HomeInternational Research Journal of Science, Technology, Education, and Managementvol. 1 no. 1 (2021)

Grey wolf optimizer: Overview, modifications and applications

Saman M. Almufti | Hawar B. Ahmad | Ridwan B. Marqas | Renas R. Asaad



The complexity of real-world problems motivated researchers to innovate efficient problem-solving techniques. Generally natural Inspired, Bio Inspired, Metaheuristics based on evolutionary computation and swarm intelligence algorithms have been frequently used for solving complex, real-world optimization and Non- deterministic polynomial hard (NP-Hard) problems because of their ability to adjust to a variety of conditions. This paper describes Grey Wolf Optimizer (GWO) as a Swarm Based metaheuristic algorithm inspired by the leadership hierarchy and hunting behavior of the grey wolves for solving complex and real-world optimization problems. Since the appearance of GWO many modifications for improving the performance of the algorithm and have been applied to various applications in several fields. At the end of this paper, the improvements are listed.