HomeBinhi: Letran-Calamba Student Research Journalvol. 19 no. 1 (2019)

Family Communication Patterns and Their Roles to Grade 10 Filipino Students’ Career Decision Self-Efficacy

Adrian D. Valencia | Cristian Nowell B. Flores | Patricia Jean Ventosa



The study was conducted in response to the Philippine government’s aim to alleviate the growing number of misfit graduates, unemployed citizens, and those indecisive in their future careers. The study undertook an interdisciplinary approach in adherence to the Social Cognitive Career Theory, Crites’ Model of Career Maturity, and Family Communication Patterns Theory to determine the significant relationships between perceived family communication patterns in terms of its dimensions and career decision self-efficacy and its domains among Grade 10 Filipino students. Adopting a sequential-explanatory mixed method research design, the researchers gathered data through two researcher-made tests administered to 321 respondents and through interviews conducted with eight participants from three chosen public secondary schools in Calamba City, Laguna. Data were analyzed using both quantitative and qualitative methods. The findings revealed that most of the respondents were from consensual family and had a high level of career decision self-efficacy. Both the conversation and conformity orientations of Grade 10 Filipino students from consensual families have significant relationships towards career decision self-efficacy. However, for Grade 10 Filipino students from protective and laissez-faire families, only conformity orientation showed a significant relationship with career decision self-efficacy. For Grade 10 Filipino students from pluralistic families, on the other hand, findings showed no significant relationship between the dimensions of family communication patterns and career decision self-efficacy. The self- appraisal domain was found to be the dominant domain that contributes to career decision self-efficacy. Moreover, parental support, gathering occupational information, problem solving and goal selection were the four dominant themes that emerged across all family types that contribute to career decision self-efficacy. Adoption of the study to different populations, use of other research methods, development of interventions and implementation of programs aimed to enhance the career decision self-efficacy of students were recommended.