HomePsychology and Education: A Multidisciplinary Journalvol. 10 no. 5 (2023)

Extraversion, Neuroticism and Job Performance of College Instructors

Marjorie Alibo

Discipline: Education



The essential personality traits of extraversion and neuroticism have a big influence on an instructor's career path. The study determined the level of extraversion, neuroticism and job performance of the instructors of Bohol Island State University. The study utilized the quantitative method, involving a descriptive survey and documentary analysis. Two hundred forty-seven (247) respondents were selected through purposive sampling. In gathering the data, the Neo-Pi-R personality assessment was used to measure instructors' extraversions and neuroticism. Moreover, the Individual Performance Commitment and Review ratings from February -2021-January 2022 were utilized to measure job performance which was collected from the Human Resources Management Offices. Results revealed that instructors were average with extraversion and neuroticism. As to their job performance level, instructors were very satisfactory in carrying out their professional tasks and responsibilities, and their performance exceeded the set standards. There was a significant relationship between extraversion, and job performance - however, no significant relationship was found between neuroticism and job performance.


  1. Aadmodt, M. (2016). Industrial /Organizational Psychology: An Approach (8th ed.). 20 Channel Center Street , Boston, MA 02210, USA: Cengage Learning. Retrieved October 3, 2021
  2. Akhtar, R., Nazarudin, M., & Kundi , G. (2021). Do big -5 personality traits contribute to employee performance? An empirical evidence from heis in pakistan. Gomal University Journal Research, 3. Retrieved October 10, 2021, from https://bit.ly/3DFOQaQ
  3. Alonso, M., & Lado , P. (2017). Five - factor model and job performance in low complexity jobs. A quantitative synthesis. Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 175-182. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rpto.2017.07.004
  4. Alsumwailem , A., & Elnaga, A. (2018). Exploring the relationship between personality and job performance :New approach. International Journal of Business and Management Invention, 43-53. Retrieved October 18, 2021, from https://bit.ly/3p2awtY
  5. Anwar , B., Xiao, Z., Fiaz, M., Ikram, A., & Younas, M. (2017). Are leaders’ personality traits imperative for employees’ job performance? The context of an emerging economy. The Journal of Applied Research, 33. doi:DOI:10.19030/jabr.v33i5.10023
  6. Babar , M., & Tahir , M. (2020). The effects of bIg five personality traits on employee job performance among univeristy lecturers in peshawar city. International Journal of Management & Entrepreneurship Research., 2, 43-50. Retrieved October 18 , 2021, from https://bit.ly/3jenl0e
  7. Bano, S., Shah, U., & Ali, S. (2019). Personality and technology: Big five personality traits as descriptors of universal acceptance and usage UTAUT. Library of Philosophy and Practice. Retrieved October 21, 2021, from https://bit.ly/3lZ0MOU
  8. Ceschi, A., Constantine , A., Scalco , A., Charkhabi, M., & Sartoni , R. (2016). The relationship between the big five personality traits and job perfromance in business workers and employees' perception. International Journal of Business Research, 16(2). doi:DOI:10.18374/IJBR-16-2.5
  9. Cetin, N., Yeloglu , H., & Basim, H. (2015). The role of big five personality on predicting the resilience: A canonical relation analysis. Turkish Journal of Psychology, 30, 81-95. Retrieved October 22, 2021, from https://bit.ly/3E8xDqZ
  10. Chandrasekara, W. (2019). Relationship among big five personality traits, job performance and job satisfaction . A case school teachers in Sri Lanka. International Journal of Information, Business and Management, 11, 219-232. Retrieved October 3, 2021, from https://bit.ly/3iYffJ4
  11. Chimezie , N. (2020). Teacher's personality traits and their teaching effectiveness: Important factor for student success. European Journal of Research and Reflection in Educational Sciences, 8, 164-171. Retrieved October 21, 2021, from https://bit.ly/3aUCsrp
  12. Conte, J. M., & Landy , F. J. (2019). Work in the 21st Century : An Introduction to Industrial and Organizational Psychology (6 ed.). III River Street Hoboken NJ 070305774: John Wiley and Sons Inc. Retrieved October 18, 2021
  13. Dar-Nimrod, I., MacCann, C., & Kim, L.E. (2017). Teacher personality and teacher effectiveness in secondary school: Personality predicts teacher support and student self-efficacy but not academic achievement. Journal of Educatioal Psychology, 110, 309-323. doi:https://doi.org/10.1037/edu0000217
  14. Darwaman, D. (2017). The effect of the big five personality on job performance. Management and Accounting Research Journal Global, 2, 36-42. Retrieved October 2, 2021, from https://jurnal.ikbis.ac.id/global/article/view/218/108
  15. Dewi, G., & Dewi , P. (2018). Big five personality, ethical sensitivity, and performance of auditors. International Research Journal of Management, IT and Social Sciences, 5(2). Retrieved October 3, 2021, from https://media.neliti.com/media/publications/280650-big-five-personality-ethical-sensitivity-cd503aab.pdf
  16. Drigas , A. (2019). Emotional intelligence as an important asset for hr in organizations: Leaders and employees. International Journal of Advanced Corporate Learning, 12. doi:https://doi.org/10.3991/ijac.v12i1.9637
  17. Fiest, J. F. (2018). Theories of personality (9th ed.). 2 Penn Plaza , New York , NY 10121: McGraw -Hill Education. Retrieved October 3, 2021
  18. Frieder , R., Wang, G., & Oh , I.-S. (2018). Linking job-relevant personality traits, transformational leadership, and job performance via perceived meaningfulness at work: A moderated mediation model. American Psychological Association, 103, 324-333. doi:DOI: 10.1037/apl0000274
  19. Ghani, N., Yunus, N., & Bahry, N. (2016). Leader’s personality traits and employee job performance in public sector. Procedia Edconomics and Finance, 37, 46-51. doi:doi: 10.1016/S2212-5671(16)30091-0.
  20. Gopal, A. (2019). Why is personality development important for teachers? Retrieved October 27, 2021, from Air: https://bit.ly/2XS0Oz4
  21. Gowri , J., & Vasimaliaraja, M. (2019). A study on how the personality traits helps resilience level of school teachers. Indian Journal of Research, 8(5). Retrieved October 27, 2021, from https://bit.ly/3Gj1AGy
  22. Guo, Y., Zhang , Y., Liao , J., Guo , X., Liu , J., Xue , X., . . . Zhang , Y. (2017). Negative feebdack and employee job perforamnce : Moderating role of the big five. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 45(10), 1735-1744. doi:DOI:10.2224/sbp.6478
  23. Gupta, N., & Gupta, A. (2020). Big five personality traits and their impact on job performance of managers in FMCG sector. International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering, 8(5). doi:DOI:10.35940/ijrte.E6406.018520
  24. Halim, L., Indradewa, R., & Syah, T. Y. (2020). Big five personality traits and reciprocal relationship between job satisfaction and job performance. JOurnal of Multiplicinary Academic, 4. Retrieved October 22, 2021, from https://bit.ly/3m2Hlow
  25. Hirtz, R. J. (2017). A longitudinal examination of personality at work: Examining the relationship between variability in personality and job performance and turnover intentions. Dissertations.680. Retrieved October 20, 2021, from
  26. Hu, T., Zhang, D., & Wang , J. (2018). A meta-analysis of the trait resilience and mental health. Personality and Individual Differences, 76, 18-27. doi:doi:10.1016/j.paid.2014.11.039
  27. Hung, W. (2018). Revisiting relationships between personality and job performance: working hard and working smart. Total Quality Management and Business Excellence, 31(7-8), 907-927. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/14783363.2018.1458608
  28. Juneja , P. (2021). Personality Development at Workplace. Retrieved October 27, 2021, from https://bit.ly/3pGipFr
  29. Kennedy , L. H. (2018). A mixed methods study exploring the implications of the big five personality traits and teacher self-efficacy on student learning. ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. Retrieved October 20, 2021, from https://bit.ly/2YYfYCZ
  30. Kim, L. E., Jorg, V., & Klassen , R. M. (2019). A meta- analysis of the effects of teacher personality on teacher effectiveness and burnout. Educational Psychology Review, 31, 163-195. doi:https://doi.prg/10.1007/s10648-018-9458-2
  31. Mahmoud, M. A., Ahmad, S., & Poespowidjojo, D. L. (2020). Intrapreneurial behavior,big five persoanlity and individual performance. Management Research Review, 43. doi:https://doi.org/10.1108/MRR-09-2019-0419
  32. Mangi, A. R., Shar , A., & Jamali , M. B. (2020). A study of causal relationship between transformational leadership, personality and teachers’ efficacy of classroom management:An empirical analysis. Paradigms, SI. doi:DOI: 10.24312/20000114
  33. McCrae, R. R. & Costa, P. T.(2010). Neo inventories for the neo personality inventory - revised.PAR, 16204 N. Florida Ave. Lutz, Florida, USA.
  34. Mehmood, S. M. (2016). Personality traits nexus employee’s performance: An application of big five personality dimensions model. Abasyn Journal of Social Sciences, 71-89. Retrieved October 2, 2021, from http://ajss.abasyn.edu.pk/admineditor/specialissue/papers/8.pdf
  35. Mitra , D. (2017). Personality traits and performance: A perception study in respect of faculty in academic disciplines. The International JOurnal of Indian Psychology, 4(2). Retrieved October 19, 2021, from https://bit.ly/30uYNto
  36. Nuckcheddy, A. (2018). The effect of personality on motivation and organization behavior. Psychology and Behavioral Science International Journal., 9(9). doi:DOI: 10.19080/PBSIJ.2018.09.555760
  37. Ogawa, R. (2020). Can’t We All Just Get Along: Exploring the Dimensions of the Big Five Personality Traits that Predict Workplace Conflict Frequency. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. Retrieved October 20, 2021, from https://bit.ly/2Z37ZFj
  38. Piriaei, M., & Goodarzi, K. (2018). Prediction of the job performance of teachers based on teacher's personality traits, self-esteem and anger. Journal of Advanced Pharmacy Education & Research, 5(S2), 47-57. Retrieved October 16, 2021, from https://bit.ly/30mLWtb
  39. Rohani , A. R. (2017). A survey of the big five personality traits among elementary teachers. Honors Undergraduate Theses. Retrieved October 18, 2021, from https://bit.ly/3DQU0kt
  40. Sartoni, R., Costantini, A., Ceschi, A., & Scalco, A. (2017). Not only correlations: a different approach for investigating the relationship between the big five personality traits and job perfroamnce based on workers employees' perception. Qual Quant, 51, 2507-2519. doi:DOI:10.1007/s11135-016-0406-2.
  41. Satchell, L., Hoskins , S., Corr, P., & Moore , R. (2017). Ruminating on the nature of intelligence: Personality predicts implicit theories and educational persistence. Personality and Individual Differences, 113, 109-114. Retrieved October 22, 2021, from https://bit.ly/2ZdBQKz
  42. Scheepers, R., Onyebuchi, A., Heinaman, M., & Lombarts, K. (2016). How personality traits affect clinician-supervisors’ work engagement ans subsequently their teaching performance in residency training. Med Teach, 28(11), 1105-1111. doi:10.3109/0142159X.2016.1170774
  43. Secapramana , V., & Nugroho , E. (2017). Quality of work life program as a humanistic perspectives on hrm. Advances in Intelligent Systems Research, 131. doi:DOI:10.2991/icoi-17.2017.6
  44. Sjoberg, L. (2016). Beyond the big five: Personality and job performance in an e-commerce firm. International Journal of Selection and Assessment, 94-106. doi:DOI:10.6000/2371-1647.2016.02.08.
  45. Tamban, G. L., & Banasihan, V. E. (2017). Big five personality traits and teaching performance of faculty of college pf teacher education , laguna state polytechnic university. International Journal of Research - Grantaalayah, 5(9), 99-105. doi:https://doi.org/10.29121/granthaalayah.v5.i9.2017.2209
  46. Yuniawan, A., & Udin, U. (2020). Psychological capital, personality traits of big-five,organizational citizenship behavior, and task performance: Testing their relationships. Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business, 7, 781-790. doi:doi:10.13106/jafeb.2020.vol7.no9.781.
  47. Zahra, G., Ali, M. S., & Mahnaz, M. H. (2016). Resilience as a mediator between big five-factor personality trait and happiness. Quarterly Educational Psychology, 12, 135-155. Retrieved October 11, 2021, from https://bit.ly/3FHc0jb
  48. Zhang , L. F. (2015). Do academics’ personality traits contribute to their organizational commitment? Journal of Individual Differences , 36, 11-18. doi:DOI:10.1027/1614-0001/a000150
  49. Zhang, J., Zhou, M., & Zhang , J. (2016). The interactive effects of personality and burn-out on knowledge sharing among teachers. Social Behavior & Personality: an international Journal, 44(8), 1267-1280. doi:DOI:10.2224/sbp.2016.44.8.1267
  50. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://bit.ly/3jdkRzd
  51. (n.d.). Retrieved October 18, 2021, from https://bit.ly/3jdkRzd
  52. (n.d.). Retrieved October 25, 2021, from https://bit.ly/3CevCcg
  53. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://bit.ly/3CevCcg
  54. (n.d.). Retrieved October 25, 2021, from https://bit.ly/3jdkRzd
  55. (n.d.). Retrieved October 25, 2021, from https://bit.ly/3ChD1r1
  56. (n.d.). Retrieved October 25, 2021, from https://bit.ly/3jx7bzp
  57. (n.d.). Retrieved October 25, 2021, from https://bit.ly/3BWUBjU
  58. (n.d.). Retrieved October 28, 2021, from https://bit.ly/3nujC00