HomePsychology and Education: A Multidisciplinary Journalvol. 16 no. 4 (2023)

Allied Health Students’ Coping Strategies in their Related Learning Experiences in Skills Laboratory During the Virtual Classroom Setup

Ruby Vargas | Christine May Cordova | Klaire Therese DeGuzman | Timothy James Doctor | Ma. Florabelle Poblete | Roxanne Danielle  Tamayo | Jasmin Ann  Vicente | Evelyn Constantino | Gina  Ladanan | Darwin  Aznar

Discipline: health studies



Pandemics were not a novelty to the world, and the occurrence of such had affected many people, and students were among the vulnerable populations who were affected. For this reason, research on the coping strategies of students was conducted. This paper was the result of an in-depth assessment of the coping strategies, specifically between the problem- focused and emotion-focused coping strategies, of selected allied health students from Perpetual Help College of Manila's four different Allied Health College Departments in their Related Learning Experiences (RLE) class in the Skills Laboratory during virtual classroom setup. Specifically, 100 respondents were selected through a random sampling technique, following the criteria that : 1.) the respondents must be willing to participate in the study, 2.) be currently enrolled in Perpetual Help College of Manila, and 3.) be a second, third, or fourth-year allied health student. It was found that these two coping strategies were sometimes used in the virtual classroom setup for RLE classes, and it was concluded that they have a significant relationship with the students’ Related Learning Experiences (RLE) classes in their Skills Laboratory.


  1. Algorani & Gupta (2021). Perceived Stress and Coping Strategies During the COVID-19 Pandemic Among Public Health and Preventive Medicine Students in Vietnam. Retrieve from: Perceived Stress and Coping Strategies During the COVID-19 Pandemic Among Public Health and Preventive Medicine Students in Vietnam
  2. Andrew Nguyen, Mangala Tawde (2014). Engaging Allied- Health Students with Virtual Learning Environment using Course Management System Tutorial Site. JnMicrobiol Biol Educ. Queensborough Community College, CUNY, Bayside, N11364 –2014 May 1
  3. Arinto, Patricia (2016). Issues and Challenges in Open and Distance e-Learning Perspectives from the Philippines. Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1093775.pdf
  4. Baqutayan, et. al,,. (2015). Stress and Coping Mechanisms: A Historical Overview. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. Retrieve from 6.10.5901/mjss.2015.v6n2s1p479.
  5. Brooks, S. K., et. al,. (2020). The psychological impact of quarantine and how to Reduce it: rapid review of the evidence. Lancet (London, England), 395(10227),912–920. Retrieve from https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30460-8
  6. Carver, C. S., Scheier, M. F., & Weintraub, J. K. (1989). Assessing coping strategies: A theoretically based approach. Journal of Personality and Social  Psychology, 56(2), 267–283 Retrieved from. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.56.2.267
  7. Center for Disease Control (2020). Disease Control for the Novel Coronavirus       2019 CDC.Retrieved from: https://www.cdc.gov/media/dpk/diseases-and-conditions/coronavirus/coronavirus-2020.html
  8. Commission on Higher Education (2020). Guidelines on the Implementation of Flexible Learning. Retrieved from https://ched.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/CMO No.-4-s-2020-Guidelines-on-the-Implementation-of-Flexible-Learning.pdf
  9. De Jesus, Nerissa N., President Rodrigo Duterte signed Proclamation No. 922     (2020) Declaring a Public Health Emergency Throughout the Philippines. Manila Bulletin. Retrieved from: https://mb.com.ph/2020/05/07/proclamation-no-929-and-922-public-health-emergency-ecq-throughout-luzon/
  10. Department of Health (2020). METRO MANILA PREPARES IN CASE ALERT  LEVEL IS RAISED TO CODE RED-SUBLEVEL 2. Department of Health. Retrieved from: https://doh.gov.ph/node/20201
  11. Eri from: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15325024.2020.1769300
  12. Folkman, S., & Moskowitz, J. T. (2004). Coping: Pitfalls and Promise. The Annual Review of Psychology, 55, 745-774.  Retrieve from http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.55.090902.141456
  13. García, F.E., Barraza-Peña, C.G., Wlodarczyk, A. et. al., (2018) Psychometric properties of the Brief-COPE for the evaluation of coping strategies in the Chilean population. Psicol. Refl. Crít. 31, 22. Retrieve from https://doi.org/10.1186/s41155-018-0102-3
  14. Grimmer-Somers, K., Milanese, S & Chipchase, L. (2011). Research into Best Practices in E-learning for Allied Health Clinical Education and Training.Queensland, Brisbane QLD 4001 – 2011
  15. Katharine H. Greenaway, et. al., (2015) Book for Folkman & Lazarus (Way of Coping)Retrieve from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/medicine-and-dentistry/ways-of-coping-questionnaire
  16. Kolokotroni, F. (2014) Ways of Coping Checklist. In: Michalos A.C. Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research. Springer, Dordrecht. Retrieve from  https://doi.org/10.1007/978- 94-007-0753-5_3198
  17. Kuei R. Chou (2016). The Challenges of Nursing Students in the Clinical Learning Environment: A Qualitative Study. Retrieved from: https://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2016/1846178/
  18. Mheidly, N., et. al. (2020). Coping With Stress and Burnout Associated With Telecommunication and Online Learning. Retrieve from https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpubh.2020.574969/full
  19. Notvig, Anne-mette, et. al., (2018). A Literature Review of the Factors Influencing  E-Learning and Blended Learning in Relation to Learning Outcome, Student Satisfaction and Engagement. Retrieve from https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ1175336
  20. Patias, Vohendorff, Cozzer, Flores, (2021). Mental Health and Coping Strategies in Undergraduate and Graduate Students During COVID-19 Pandemic. Retrieved      from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7987242
  21. Regmi, K. & Jones, L. (2021). Effects of E-learning on Health Sciences Education: A Protocol for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Higher Education Pedagogies. London – 22 J
  22. Taha, S., et. al., (2014). Intolerance of uncertainty, appraisals, coping, and anxiety: the case of the 2009 H1N1 pandemic. British journal of health psychology, 19(3), 592–605. Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12058
  23. Upper critical values of Student's t distribution with degrees of freedom. Retrieved from https://yuppal.people.ysu.edu/econ_3790/t-table.pdf
  24. World Health Organization (2020). Press Conference of Coronavirus Disease.      WHO. Retrieved from: https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus2019?gclid=CjwKCAjwndCKBhAkEiwAgSDKQfeQwllbpfq09e65UoUOF9AUeeEmaEc8siVkSR5DTsDsrlC20ncyhoCwsoQAvDBwE
  25. Yan, L., et. al, (2021). The relationship between perceived stress and emotional distress during the COVID-19 outbreak: Effects of boredom proneness and coping style. Journal of anxiety disorders, 77, 102328. Retrieve from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2020.102328