HomeUswag Journal: Philippine Journal of Multidisciplinary Researchvol. 1 no. 2 (2023)

Performance of Different Foundation Rice Varieties at Panganiban, Catanduanes

Eduardo D. Peña

Discipline: Agriculture



A field experiment was conducted which consisted of four (4) foundation rice varieties as treatments replicated four (4) times in an experimental lot measuring 30 by 15 m using the randomized complete block design (RCBD) to evaluate the performance of the different foundation rice varieties based on the agromorphological characteristics at Panganiban, Catanduanes during the 2020/2021 cropping season. Results revealed that the different foundation rice seed varieties were significantly different in terms of their agro-morphological performance in response to the prevailing weather pattern during the cropping season. Foundation rice seed variety NSIC Rc 242 produced the highest yield, tallest plant height, few missing hills, and the most significant number of grains per panicle. Variety NSIC Rc 400 gave the most significant number of tillers and the longest panicle. The highest number of productive tillers was noted on NSIC Rc 15. The NSIC Rc 438 yielded the highest percentage of filled grains and the earliest maturity. Analysis of variance for the different agro-morphological characteristics indicated significant mean differences in plant height (F=6.59 and p<0.05), tillering capacity (F=19.68 and p<0.05), length of panicle (F=18.70 and p<0.05), number of grains/panicle (F=6.71 and p<0.05), and percentage of filled grains (F=10.35 and p<0.05). Grain yield, missing hills per plot, and the number of productive tillers were similar among treatments. NSIC Rc 242, being the highest yielder, tallest height, few missing hills, and greatest number of grains per panicle is highly recommended for adoption at Panganiban, Catanduanes prevailing weather pattern.


  1. Bouman, B. & Reyes, L. (2017, March 15). Continuing global partnership through rice. Rice Today. https://ricetoday.irri.org/continuing-global-partnership-through-rice/
  2. Fitzgerald, M.A. and Resurreccion, A.P. (2009). Maintaining the Yield of Edible Rice in a Warming World. Functional Plant Biology, 36, 1037-1045. https://doi.org/10.1071/FP09055
  3. International Rice Research Institute (IRRI). (1995). Feeding 4 Billion People: The Challenge for Rice Research in the 21st Century. GeoJournal Special Issue. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  4. International Rice Research Institute. (1982). A Plan for IRRI’s Third Decade. IRRI.
  5. Jagadish, S. V. K., Muthurajan, R., Oane, R., Wheeler, T. R., Heuer, S., Bennett, J., & Craufurd, P. Q. (2010). Physiological and proteomic approaches to dissect reproductive stage heat tolerance in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Journal of Experimental Botany, 61,143-156.
  6. Mohanty, S., Wassmann, R., Nelson, A., Moya, P., & Jagadish, S. V. K. (2013). Rice and climate change: Significance for food security and vulnerability. IRRI Discussion Paper Series No. 49. International Rice Research Institute (IRRI).
  7. N’ganzoua, K. R., Koné, B., Firmin, K. K., Florant, Z., Joachim, T. M., Yao-Kouamé, A., Emanuel, D. A., & Daouda, K. (2016). Variations of rainfall and air temperature affecting rainfed rice growth and yield in a Guinea Savanna Zone. Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, 5(1), 65-77.
  8. Nguyen, V. N., (1995). Factors affecting wetland rice production and the classification of wetlands for agricultural production. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
  9. Nishad, A., Mishra, A. N., Chaudhari, R., Aryan, R. K., & Katiyar, P. (2018). Effect of temperature on growth and yield of rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars. International Journal of Chemical Studies, 6(5), 1381-1383.
  10. Palanog, A. D., Calayugan, M., Bello, G. E., Ferrer, M., Caguiat, G. I., Palanog, M. O., Mondejar, C. L., Sta. Ines, L. T., Padolina, T. F., Hernandez, J. E., & Manigbas, N. L. (2021). Role of improved varieties in the Philippine rice production.
  11. Pasuquin J.M.C.A., & Witt, C. (2006, December). Rice in Asia and the global food supply. e-ifc No. 10 - Research Findings. International Potash Institute. https://www.ipipotash.org/publications/eifc-70
  12. Pinoy Rice. (2022, March 16). Rice varieties - Pinoy Rice Knowledge Bank. Pinoy Rice Knowledge Bank. https://www.pinoyrice.com/rice-varieties/
  13. Singh, K., McClean, C. J., Büker, P., Hartley, S. E., & Hill, J. K. (2017). Mapping regional risks from climate change for rainfed rice cultivation in India. Agricultural Systems, 156, 76-84. https://10.1016/j.agsy.2017.05.009.
  14. Yoon, P.R., Choi, JY. (2020). Effects of shift in growing season due to climate change on rice yield and crop water requirements. Paddy Water Environ 18, 291–307.