HomeIAMURE International Journal of Ecology and Conservationvol. 2 no. 1 (2012)

Upland Tenurial Program for Environment and Natural Resources Governance: The Northern Luzon Experience

Rogelio P. Pascua | Imelda V. Iglesias



The need to properly manage watersheds is more pressing now than it has ever been. The increasing demand for water, timber, land, and other valuable watershed resources alongside the worsening negative impacts of local and global phenomena have brought the necessity for sustainable watershed management to a higher level. This study focused on the effectiveness of three upland tenurial programs in Northern Luzon like Community-Based Forest Management (CBFM), Muyung Resource Permit (MRP), and TREE for Legacy (TFL). The study used the descriptive comparative and predictive, quantitative, and qualitative methods of research with structured questionnaire and an interview. The study found that The CBFM and TFL programs were “very effective”. The implementers of TFL and CBFM program have higher degree of competence compared to the muyung resource permit program. The program involvement and participation of the stakeholders from the TFL and CBFM programs were higher than the program involvement and participation of the MRP stakeholders. The TFL and CBFM programs were more effective compared to MRP program. There were five variables that are considered as best predictors of effectiveness of the tenurial programs. These were the “government/institutional support”, “program planning and development”, “capability development”, “program monitoring” and “communication methods and techniques”.