HomeJournal of Business, Education and Lawvol. 16 no. 1 (2011)

Invention in Apologist Rhetorical Acts: An Educating Religious-Legal Speech

Rommel B. De La Cruz

Discipline: Education, Religion



This study investigated the inventions in the rhetorical acts, which defended the rights of ______________ to Freedom of Religion and Freedom of the speech. In a process, the speech where these inventions were deployed exemplifies how it could be a domain of instruction and learning at the same time. The inventions dealt with or were results of the knowledge, relations, and identities that were summoned in the performance of the acts. One of the questions it addressed dealt with how the rhetor handled indeterminacy. In order to manage the indeterminacy that resulted from porous interpretations of the law at issue, he deduced relevant information provided by authoritative definitions. These definitions articulate values and social customs that perpetuate society. The latter were first enacted by the people through their practice of religion and only later through living under modern legal and political system. Though he used legal discourse for his rhetorical acts, he strategically skirted indeterminacy by not focusing on contradicting legal commentaries but by highlighting the common goal of religion, law, family, and society. The common goal should be the basis of the interpretation of the law in question. He also used Biblical moral discourse to manage the engulfing presence of the socio-political and legal discourse of the court. The indeterminacy of the present representation of the rhetor’s religious group in so far as whether it is in harmony with social order was controlled.