HomeThe Magusvol. 2 no. 1 (2010)

A Proposed Quality Management System Model for Nursing Education Institutions

Cyrus Polero Tuppal

Discipline: Nursing

 

Abstract:

The study aimed to determine the influence of the quality management

system, key areas of nursing educational institutions and respondents’ profile

variables on the performance measures namely passing rate in the nurses’

licensure examination and employability rates of the graduates.

The study also identified the profile variables of the administrators and

faculty including age, marital status, highest education completed, position in the

workplace, length of years working in the institution, length of working experience

and monthly income; profile of the nursing educational institutions in terms of school

type and status of the school in accreditation; the perceived the level of

implementation of key areas of nursing program in nursing educational institutions

namely philosophy, mission, vision and program objectives, school management

structure and organization, faculty, instruction, library, general and nursing arts

laboratories, physical plant and facilities, student services and services to the

community; the perceived the level of implementation of quality management

system in nursing educational institutions along with the following components

which include leadership, strategic planning, customer focus, measurement,

analysis and knowledge management, workforce focus, process management and

results; the performance of nursing educational institutions for the last three years in

terms of the passing rates in nurses’ licensure examination and employability of

graduates; the influence of the quality management system, key areas of nursing

educational institutions and administrators and profile variables of the administrators

and faculty to performance measures which include passing rate in the nurses’

licensure examination and employability rates of the graduates and lastly a model

was proposed to further improve the implementation of key areas of nursing

education program and quality management system of nursing educational

institutions in National Capital Region.

The study utilized a descriptive research design to describe the responses

of the respondents from private, private sectarian, private nonsectarian and public

nursing educational institutions. Secondary document analysis was utilized to

gather data of nurses’ licensure examination passing rate and employability rate of

the graduates in the last three-year period were considered. Random sampling was

employed in the study. Administrators, faculty members and newly graduates were

taken as samples. Research locale was limited only to 21 nursing schools in

National Capital Region. Both instrument used for key areas of nursing educational

institutions and quality management system were validated by professional experts

and undergone test retest reliability that revealed of 0.90 reliability coefficient which

indicates high reliability.

Frequency, percentage, weighed mean, ranking and regression analyses

were used to treat the data obtained statistically aided by SPSS Program Version

14 and Statistica Version 9

.

Findings pointed out that profile variables which include age, highest

education, position in the workplace, years in the institution, length of experience

and monthly income have a direct influence on the passing rates in nurses’

licensure examination and employability of the graduates. Philosophy, vision,

mission and program objectives, Faculty selection, faculty benefits, faculty

development program, program of studies, instructional process, teaching

methodologies and resources, classroom management, academic performance,

supervision for effective instruction, library, general and nursing arts laboratories,

student services and support program and community services have direct

influence on the passing rates in nurses’ licensure examination. On the other hand,

faculty benefits, faculty development program and community services and

involvement have inverse influence on the employability rates of the graduates.

School profile in terms of school type and accreditation status has direct influence

on both performance measures. The quality management system indicators

leadership, strategic planning and workforce focus have direct influence on the

passing rates in nurses’ licensure examination. Employability of the graduates is

influenced by leadership and strategic planning.

Recommendation were provided for nursing educational institutions on

faculty, instruction and all other related key areas found to have significance in the

study. Further, future study could utilize the proposed model for quality

management system and areas of nursing education to assess the compliance to

sets of standards by local and international accrediting institutions.