Discipline: Veterinary Medicine
Two alternative methods muzzle and palatine printings, for the identification of water buffaloes are herein described. Of the 200 different muzzle prints in this study 190 (95%) showed the image of the philtrum (median groove) while 10(5.0%) lacked a median groove. Differences were also observed on the number size and location of the central depression bead origin from the median groove (opposite, alternate or mixed), and the length and width of the medium groove. No two muzzle prints were exactly identical. On the other hand, palatine prints obtained from 22 animals showed the images of the median palatine raphe, transverse palatine ridges, incisive papilla, polymorphic papillae at the free border of the palatine ridges and the dental pads. No two palatine prints were exactly similar. Between muzzle printing and palatine printing, muzzle printing has been observed easier and safer to perform. Muzzle prints were likewise clearer than palatine prints. The results of the present study showed that muzzle and palatine printings can be used as alternative methods for water buffalo identification. Certificate of ownership or any form of animal identification record should show either the muzzle print or the palatine print of the water buffalo.