HomePhilippine Journal of Veterinary Medicinevol. 42 no. 2 (2005)

Ultrasonographic Features of the Heart in Philippine Native Goats (Capra Hircus)

Jezie A. Acorda, Dvm, Magr, Phd | Ryan Aislinn F. Ong | Rhea L. Maligaya

Discipline: Veterinary Medicine



Diagnostic ultrasound has been used for the diagnosis of different diseases and disorders in different domestic animals. However, no known study has been conducted on the heart of goat. The ultrasonographic features of the heart of eight apparently healthy Philippine native goats, four males and four females, 1-3 years old, were determined ultrasonographically using an ultrasound diagnostic equipment with a 3.5 MHz convex-array transducer. B-mode and M-mode ultrasonograms were obtained from different sites of the heart. After ultrasonography the goats were immediately slaughtered and the heart was examined grossly. The heart could be viewed from the 2nd to 4th intercostal spaces in both the left and right sides of the thorax of the animal. The different structures of the heart could be clearly observed including the left and right atria, left and right ventricles, interventricular and interatrial septa right, and left atrioventricular valves and outflow tracts. M-mode ultrasonogram showed different characteristic patterns in different sites of the heart. No differences on the location of the heart and B-mode and M-Mode ultrasonograms of the heart were observed between male and female goats. Gross examination revealed no abnormalities in the heart of the goats. The ultrasonographic features obtained in this study from the normal heart can be abused for detecting changes in ultrasonograms of diseases and disorders of the heart in goats.