HomePhilippine Journal of Veterinary Medicinevol. 43 no. 2 (2006)

Determination of Antibody Levels Against Equine Influenza Virus A2 (H3N8) Using the Hemagglutination Inhibition Test Before and After Annual Vaccination

Hope G. Rovira | Ian Russell Z. Enriquez | Lester L. Ramos | Romy G G. Modomo | Billy P. Divina

Discipline: Veterinary Medicine

 

Abstract:

The humoral response of racehorses vaccinated against equine influenza (El) was monitored using the hemagglutination inhibition test. One hundred eleven racehorses, 1- 10 years of age and stabled at the Santa Ana and San Lazaro Racetracks, were tested before and 34 weeks after their annual booster against EI. Depending on their age, these horses have received previously either their initial and/or yearly booster vaccinations in compliance to the Philippine Racing Commission's resolution on the EI vaccination program. Subsequent antibody (Ab) titers were monitored in 54, 36, and 33 of the original horses on the fourth, fifth and sixth months post-vaccination (PV), respectively. There was a decrease over time in number of horses tested primarily because of removal of some animals from the stables and prevention of blood collection by owner or caretakers just before or after a race. Despite previous vaccinations 97 out of 111 or 87.4% of pre-booster Ab levels were below the protective titer of > 1:32. The Ab titers increased at 3-4 weeks PV with only H7 or 87.4% of the horses tested bad protective titers. In the fourth, fifth, and sixth months PV, 100% (54/54), 83.3% (30/36) anti 75.7% (25/33) of the horses tested, respectively had protective titers. The decreasing proportions of horses that had protective titers indicate that a single annual EI booster does not sustain protective Ab levels year round. Therefore, it is recommended that additional booster shots during the year be considered.