HomePhilippine Journal of Veterinary Medicinevol. 45 no. 2 (2008)

Parasites Recovered From a Downer White-Collared Kingfisher, Halcyon chloris collaris (Scopoli, 1786) Caves: Alcedinidae) From Danjugan Island, Off Negros, Philippines

Salcedo L. Eduardo | Emilia A. Lastica

Discipline: Veterinary Medicine

 

Abstract:

Nematodes and lice (Mallophaga) were collected from a downer white-collared Kingfisher (Halcyon chloris collaris (Scopoli, 1786), at necropsy in Danjugan Island off Negros, Philippines. Nematodes were examined as temporary mounts in lacto-phenol solution while lice were cleaned in 5% potassium hydroxide solution, washed in distilled water, dehydrated in increasing grades of ethyl alcohol, cleared in terpineol and mounted in Canada balsam for examination. Some lice were stained in Ziehl-Neelsen (carbol fuchsin) in absolute ethyl alcohol. Four species of nematodes namely, Aprocta lepidogrammi, Hamatospiculum Jeticiae, Skrjabinoclava halcyoni and an unidentified species, and a species of chewing louse, Alcedoecus latigenitalis were identified from the collection. Photographs of these parasites are provided and their organ location and occurrence in other avian hosts and geographical areas are presented. The probable cause of death of the bird is discussed. This report constitutes new 'host and locality records for Aprocta lepidogrammi, and Skrjabinocla va halcyoni and Alcedoecus latigenitalis, respectively.