Discipline: Veterinary Medicine
Two species of Philippine owls, Otus megalotis Walden, 1875 (Philippine scops-owl) and Bubo philippensis Kaup, 1851 (Philippine eagle-owl) (Strigidae), kept at the Rescue Center of the Protected Areas and Wildlife Bureau (PAWB), Quezon City, Philippines were examined for ectoparasites during the period June 2009-February 2010. Lice and mites were found on the two species of owls. Identification of the lice specimens revealed four species, three previously known and one new to science. These were Strigiphilus heterogenitalis from Otus megalotis, Colpocephalum turbinatum from both Otus megalotis and Bubo philippensis and Strigiphilus ketupae from the latter owl species. Kurodaia (Conciella) theresamunditae Desamero & Eduardo is described and illustrated as a new species from Otus megalotis. It is characterized by having male genitalia and the associated genital sclerite different from those of the other species of the genus and subgenus to which it belongs. The mite specimens consisted of a single species identified as Dermonoton longiventer. The occurrence of S. heterogenitalis and H. ketupae on Otus megalotis and Bubo philippensis, respectively constitutes new host records for the species in the Philippines. The presence of Colpocephalum turbinatum on both owl species in this study extends the host range of the species. Dermonoton longiventer is reported for the first time in the Philippines.