"Learning to Learn" has been highlighted as a key element of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region’s recent curriculum reform. This is despite the successes achieved by Hong Kong pupils, under existing methods of teaching, ill recent international comparative studies of achievement. It is proposed that the reformed school curriculum should help students to achieve the educational aims of promoting life-long learning and whole-person development. In implementing these changes, the curriculum reform in Hong Kong appears to be moving in the opposite direction to the practice in western countries with a shift away from a subject-based curriculum towards greater integration for an open and flexible curriculum framework. This paper considers the main potential difficulties that the education community of Hong Kong may encounter in seeking to implement a programme of school-based curriculum integration.