HomePhilippine Journal of Veterinary Medicinevol. 51 no. 2 (2014)

Generalized Alopecia in a Murrah Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) Calf

Pankaj Kumar | Amitav Dey | Sanjiv Kumar | Shanker Dayal | Neeraj Kumar

Discipline: Veterinary Medicine



Unusual generalized alopecia was observed in a 3-month old weaned male Murrah buffalo calf. Clinical symptoms were non-specific with normal vital indices, inappetence, abnormal gait, excessive salivation and jaw champing. Based on the probable causes of alopecia, investigation was undertaken for fungal infection, mange, liver function test, thyroid hormone profile and plasma mineral analysis. The results showed that the calf had low concentration of plasma zinc while thyroid hormones, tri-idothyroxine and tetra-idothyroxine were within normal ranges. Based on the results and clinical symptoms, the calf was supplemented with commercial mineral mixture at 25 g daily for 30 days, zinc sulphate pentahydrate at 3 gm/day in drinking water for 15 days and parenteral liver extract with Vitamin B12 given intramuscularly at 3 ml daily for 5 days. The calf responded to therapy and showed improvement based on clinical symptoms and plasma biochemical parameters post 30 days of therapy. Thus, the presented case of generalized alopecia in male buffalo calf may be attributed to zinc deficiency.