It is often complained that the Chinese in the Philippines have been merely traders and businessmen and that in spite of centuries of Philippine-Chinese relations the Chinese nationals here have contributed very little, if at all, to the general culture of the country. In China proper, voluminous were the literary and art and philosophical productions and many are the Chinese whose names are a pride 1n philosophy, literature,
art and culture in general. Confucius, Mencius, Laotzu, Mo Ti, Li Po, and many others are great Chinese scholars, artists and literary men whose greatness has gone beyond the confines of China—they have immensely contributed to world civilization. The Chinese were credited for having invented the paper, printing press, the compass, and the gunpowder.