HomeΦιλοσοφια: International Journal of Philosophyvol. 14 no. 1 (2013)

Integrative Punishment in Yoruba Thought: Implications for the Contemporary Justice System

Bayo Aina

Discipline: Philosophy



The integrative approach to punishment appears more adequate than the utilitarian and retributive theories. It does not only engender restitution, retribution, and deterrence but it also reconciles the physical and nonphysical realms of existence. The goal of punishment is to maintain social balance or order. Content analysis is employed. The integrative notion of punishment is associated with the principle of proportionality within a vigorous collective conscience. This paper seeks to contribute to the criminal justice system by going beyond the discussion of the utilitarian-retributive punishment framework.