From the outset the author wishes to state that this paper is neither a historical treatise nor is it exhaustive or profound. It is simply an attempt to find out the relationship between Rizal and Aglipay, a relationship which, as will be presently shown, some writers claim consisted in, among other things, Rizal having lived with Aglipay, and Rizal having influenced Aglipay to take up the priesthood. It is also an attempt to study these claims and to subject them to a critical evaluation to ascertain if these accounts, made to appear as historical facts, are really so. Furthermore, this study will also attempt to show Rizal's influence on the Philippine Independent Church which Aglipay founded. That this study is definitely, not the last word on the Rizal-Aglipay relationship, the author has no doubts. However, he will feel amply rewarded if this paper will generate other studies on the subject.