HomeThe Journal of Historyvol. 21 no. 1-2 (1976)

Of a Vigorous and Manly Race: Some Notes on Ilocano Vernacular Literature

Marcelino A. Foronda Jr.

Discipline: History, Philippine History



Ilokano literature is one of the most developed literatures in the Philippines. It is also the only Philippine vernacular writing which is being developed by an active group outside of the country.


This paper is about how Ilokano literature developed from before the Spanish colonial period up to the present. It notes the different Ilokano literateurs, their works and the different challenges they faced  in their efforts to produce literary works in their vernacular.