HomeThe Journal of Historyvol. 52 no. 1 (2006)

Religion, Science and Bayan in the Iglesia Filipina Independente

Francis A. Gealogo

Discipline: History



The early ideas that guided and governed the Iglesia Filipina Independiente in its early years of existence were mostly expressed in the writings of Isabelo de los Reyes and Gregorio Aglipay. In most instances, the ideas of the new Church were expressed in various religious texts pertaining to doctrinal concerns, biblical exegesis, and methods of performing religious ceremonies and rituals, among others.


Ideas and conceptual formulations pertaining to nation construction, language and ethnicity, native anthropology, comparative regional religious history, as well as the role of science and rationality in clarifying religious issues, were all spelled out as part of the major explanations regarding the doctrines, beliefs, and practices of the new church.