HomeThe Journal of Historyvol. 54 no. 1 (2008)

The Pulahan Movement in Leyte (1902-1907)

George Emmanuel R. Borrinaga

Discipline: History, Social Studies



The Pulahan Movement was a wide-ranging armed religious movement that surfaced in t major islands of the Visayas after U.S. Pres. Theodore Roosevelt declared the end of the Philippine-American war (known then as the Philippine Insurrection) on July 4, 1902. Its core leaders were mainly Dios-Dios millenarians who had been soldiers during this war but who refused to surrender along with their officers and comrades-in-arms. Joined by new followers – either willingly or through coercion – they waged war against the Americans and their native collaborators for a period far longer than the duration of the Philippine-American war that officially lasted from February 1899 to July 1902.