HomeAsia Pacific Journal of Education, Arts and Sciencesvol. 1 no. 1 (2014)

Damage of Typhoon Yolanda in the Agricultural Crops of Calinog, Iloilo

Rome B. Moralista | Gabriel C. Delariarte | Raymund B. Gemora

Discipline: Agriculture



The phenomenological method aims to describe the damage of Yolanda typhoon in the agricultural crops of farmers in the Municipality of Calinog. The findings found out that both male and females farm but have different roles. Usually, males prepare the land. Both male and female transplant and harvest the crops. Females are also engaged in post-harvest processing (cleaning and drying at household level) and selling the surplus production of both vegetables and staple food crops. Some farmers are active in farming associations; women are often more active than men; the Municipality of Calinog is among the largest municipal contributors to total provincial rice, with Iloilo Province being the largest contributor. Corn is the second food crop in the municipality and a staple food of the Filipino population; coconut farming in the Municipality of Calinog was the one of the smaller production. Rice, corn, vegetables, and fruit bearing trees are main sources of economic activity among farming communities in the upland areas, The people engage directly (e.g. farm owners, workers and traders) or indirectly (e.g. transport and logistics). Copra production is a year-round activity for producers, with about three harvests per year. Corn, rice, vegetables, and fruit bearing trees such as mango, Chico, and banana are major livelihood activities of farmers in the said Municipality. Finally, Sugarcane farming mainly takes place in the Municipality of Calinog, which contributed over one fourth the total sugarcane productions in the province of Iloilo.