HomeBinhi: Letran-Calamba Student Research Journalvol. 9 no. 1 (2008)

Attitudes and Practices on Family Planning Methods Between the Rural and Urban Areas in Calamba City: A Comparative Study

Carmela Faye P. Viray | Krizzia Dj Vito | Precious Marie M. Zano | Jillian Clarisse K. Zoleta



This research compared the attitudes and practices on family planning methods of rural and urban dwellers in Calamba City.


Selected through random sampling, 99 respondents from the rural area and 74 from the urban area comprised the population of the study who consisted of couples aging 25 to 45, living together for at least five years and have at least two children. Validated survey questionnaire was used to gather the needed data which were analyzed through frequency counts, two-population T-test, and Chi-Square.

The respondents’ profile showed that majority of them, both from urban and rural areas, were females and Roman Catholics. Urban respondents, dominantly 25-30 years of age, were mostly college graduates with more than Php10,000 monthly earning, while those from the rural, dominantly aged 31-35, were mostly high school graduates with Php1000-5000 monthly earning. Except on educational background, there was no significant relationship between the attitudes and practices of the urban and rural respondents and their gender, age, religion, and economic status. The researchers recommended this study to be replicated, using three urban and three rural areas which are in farther distances from one another for generalization.