HomeCNU Journal of Higher Educationvol. 5 no. 1 (2011)

Global Competitiveness Sub-Indices as Potential Determinants of Basic Education Quality across Different Countries

Dexter S. Ontoy | Roberto N. Padua



Very recent research (Felipe and Porio, 2010) revealed no direct relationship between the lengths of basic education cycles and student performance in TIMSS (2007) science and mathematics tests. The TIMSS scores were impliedly used as proxy measures of quality for basic education. The present study is an in-depth analysis of the various socio-economic factors that directly bear on the quality of basic education outcomes using the sub-indices of the Global Economic Index (GCI) 2009 in view of the assertion that a mechanical addition of more years in basic education does not improve quality at that level. Results revealed that specific basic economic parameters (connectivity and access) related to poverty reduction, efficient and effective higher education and training of teachers, technological readiness and strengthening of economic fundamentals all significantly bear on the quality of basic education globally.