Discipline: Industrial Engineering
The use of pallet in transporting goods allows every company to significantly minimize energy, time, and money requirements. Pallet volume utilization determines how to most efficiently load a given pallet by maximizing the volume occupied by its load of boxes. ft measures the percentage of the volume of boxes loaded in the pallet with the total volume of the pallet. In loading of boxes in a pallet, several factors have to be considered Different rectangular boxes have their respective length, width, height and weight. Likewise, boxes can also be classified as fragile or non-fragile depending on the products inside the boxes. Stability must also be maintained once boxes are placed inside the pallet. The boxes should be able to support all other boxes placed above it. Distances between boxes should be minimized in order to prevent movement of boxes within the pallet in time for transport. This study is primarily concerned with the formulation of an optimal pallet loading model of three dimensional rectangular sized boxes for retail distributors maximizing the pallet volume utilization. It considers the load stability and product fragility.