HomeEducational Measurement and Evaluation Reviewvol. 5 no. 1 (2014)

Assessing the Relationship between Spiritual Well-Being and Political Participation as Mediated by Citizenship

Keith P. Dimog | Maria Margarita C. González | Dorothy Joann Lei O. Labrador | Divina G. Naoe



Studies indicate that spiritual well-being predicts citizenship (Faver, 2000; Stoddart, 2007; Watson, 2003; Woolley, 2008) and that citizenship predicts political participation (Bolzendahl & Coffe, 2013; Dalton, 2008). The present study hypothesized that Filipino college students’ spiritual well-being indirectly predicts political

participation via citizenship through a cross-sectional and explanatory research design. Results of exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses supported the hypotheses and factor structures of spiritual well-being, citizenship and political participation. Structural Equation Modeling revealed that citizenship fully mediated the relationship between spiritual wellbeing and political participation with the following fit indices: X2 (23) = 46.286, p<.002, X2/df = 2.104, GFI =.975, CFI = .982, IFI = .982, TLI = .971, RMSEA = .054. Implications to forms of social involvement are discussed.