HomeEducational Measurement and Evaluation Reviewvol. 5 no. 1 (2014)

A Guide in Assessing Knowledge, Process, Understanding, and Performance/Product (KPUP)

Carlo Magno | Gabriel Sebastian Lizada



The aim of the present report is to provide a guide for educators in assessing knowledge (K), process (P), understanding (U), and product/performance (P) as part of the reform in assessment in the K to 12 basic education. The Philippines recently changed their basic education system to a one year of kindergarten and 12 year basic education known as the K to 12 Enhanced Basic Education. Part of the educational reform is a guide on how to conduct assessment in schools within a framework of Standards-Based Assessment. The new assessment system established a nomenclature of skills to be assessed among students that includes assessment of knowledge, process, understanding, and product/performance. The present report further defines and clarifies the domains of the nomenclature. The specific dimensions of these skills are outlined

with some examples of assessment protocols under each.