HomeLuz y Sabervol. 3 no. 1 (2009)

Shame Honor: The Oxymoron of the Flag and Heraldic Code of the Philippines

Jo-shancy S. Bermudez



“Lupang Hinirang”, the Philippine National Anthem is not open to free interpretation, according to the National Historical Institute Chair, Ambeth Ocampo. Nievera, the personal choice of Manny Pacquiao, received negative reactions from Filipinos when he sang the anthem in a slow tempo in the beginning, went to a march in the middle, and ended with a sustained (birit) high note in the end.