HomePhilippine Scientific Journalvol. 44 no. 1 (2011)

The Association of Nematode Infection and the Academic Performance of Grade I Pupils in Sampalukan Elementary School, Caloocan City

John Robert L. Uy | Grace V. Villanueva



This study determined the association of nematode infection and the academic performance of 6-8 years old Grade I pupils in Sampalukan Elementary School using cross-sectional study design.


The location is the Sampalukan Elementary School. This study included a target population of 287 first graders, where 167 were included as subjects. Samples were selected from the list of Grade I pupils using the Systematic Sampling Method.


A seminar was conducted with the parents of the subjects regarding nematode infection and the instructions on proper specimen collection and handling. Stools were collected and examined qualitatively with DFS using saline wet mount preparation for the presence of parasites. The 1st and 2nd quarter grades of the subjects were also collected and averaged. Subjects who have positive results to nematode infection were referred to the health center for deworming and health education. The data collected and presented as frequency and percentages and analyzed using chi-square and t-test for numerical data.

With a p-value of 0.004, nematode infection significantly affects the academic performance of Grade I pupils was accepted.


The researchers concluded that there is an association between nematode infection and the academic performance of 6-8 year-old Grade I pupils in Sampalukan Elementary School.