HomeWMSU Research Journalvol. 27 no. 2 (2008)

Philippines 2007 Regional Study on Smoking in Girls and Young Women

Chona Quezon Sarmiento | Ere Lee Q. Salang | Estrella T. Baguinat | Rosalyn R. Echem | Oscar S. Sicat





This study was conducted to determine the factors that influenced secondary school girls and female college students in the Philippines to smoke.

The combined quantitative and qualitative method was used to investigate the objective of the study to possibly provide recommendations for stricter policy measures toward tobacco control and use among young people. The quantitative method for phase I was done through a cross-sectional survey conducted among the secondary school girls and female college students in Manila and Zamboanga to represent one urban and one rural capital city with a response rate of 100%. A total of three thousand respondents from the urban and rural capital cities were sampled from fifteen secondary schools and fourteen tertiary institutions.

The qualitative study (phase 2) followed using Focus Group Discussions with a total of two hundred twenty eight girls and young women for the twenty eight FGD’s with six to eight girls per group. The narrative data from the qualitative results discussed generally the substantial comparison among the three age groups in two comparative locations.

The selection of schools was randomly done from the list of schools in Manila for the urban capital and from Zamboanga City for the rural capital area. The target respondents were drawn from three age clusters, namely thirteen to fifteen years; sixteen to nineteen years old and twenty to twenty five years old, respectively.