This paper seeks to understand the historical development of Iligan from 1838 to 1898, based on available primary and archival sources. It covers the period from 1838, founding of Iligan as a pueblo to 1898. External and internal factors that shaped the economic, political and social conditions of Iligan are hereby presented and analyzed. Secondary source materials gathered from different academic institutions and government offices were also taken into account. Interviews were also conducted to corroborate and further substantiate the data gathered from documents.