HomeInternational Rice Research Notesvol. 25 no. 3 (2000)

Using Sysnet Tools to Quantify the Trade-Off between Food Production and Environmental Quality

R. P. Roetter | * Alterra | A. G. Laborte | H. Van Keulen

Discipline: Economics, Technology, Agriculture



Rapid population growth, coupled with economic expansion, is increasing the demands on land not only for agriculture but also for housing, infrastructure, recreation, and industry. Many of the agricultural regions in South and Southeast Asia characterized by intensive rice- or rice-wheat-based agroecosystems provide striking examples of conflicts in agricultural land-use objectives. The need for crop diversification to increase labor productivity and farmers' income and prevent migration to rapidly expanding megacities often directly conflicts with the necessary increase in staple food production and maintenance or improvement of the quality of the natural resource base (soil, water, air). Identification and implementation of production systems and technologies that make optimum use of external inputs and natural resources and avoid natural resource degradation, and policy measures supporting their adoption for sustainable agricultural development, would be the keys to resolving such conflicts.