The leading aromatic, fine-quality rice varieties, popularly known as Basmati in world trade, have traditionally been grown in the north and northwestern parts of the Indian subcontinent for centuries on either side of the Indus River. The traditional tall Basmati varieties such as Basmati 370 (Punjab Basmati), Type 3 (Dehradun Basmati), Karnal local, Taroari Basmati, and Pakistani Basmati fulfill the quality norms required for export. But these cultivars are poor grain yielders and lodge under high doses of nitrogenous fertilizers. Sustained and systematic research efforts at ARS Ummedganj, Kota (Rajasthan Agricultural University), resulted in the development of a Basmati high-quality rice variety, Surabhi (BK843-7). It is a derivative of the cross Pusa Basmati 1/Baran Basmati.