HomeInternational Rice Research Notesvol. 28 no. 1 (2003)

Applications of Genomics to Rice Breeding

D. J. Mackill

Discipline: Biology, Agriculture



Genomics can be defined as the mapping, sequencing, and functional analysis of genomes, the entire genetic complement of an organism. Before high-throughput DNA sequencing was available, genomes were studied largely by mapping using genetic markers. With the complete genome sequencing of many organisms and the development of powerful methods of gene discovery, the identification of functions for thousands of genes is proceeding rapidly (functional genomics). The fields of structural and functional genomics are intimately related, and this mini-review will consider applications of these fields to rice breeding.