HomeInternational Rice Research Notesvol. 29 no. 2 (2004)

Current status of rice pests and their management in Assam, India--a discussion with extension agents

Z. Islam | K L. Heong | M A. Bell | G N. Hazarika | D.j. Rajkhowa | B.c. Dutta | M. Bhuyan | S. Ali

Discipline: Agriculture, Pest Management



Rice is the most important crop in Assam, India, grown on about 70% of the total cultivated land (3.63 million ha) in the state (MA 2003). In fact, about 70% of the rice area of the seven northeast Indian states is under Assam. Rice is mostly grown in the low-lying deltas of the Brahmaputra and Barak rives; some rice is also cultivated in upland situations in the northern hill region. The sali (monsoon crop: transplanted lowland rainfed rice and deepwater rice) rice is dominant, occupying 68.8% of the total rice area of 2.54 million ha, followed by ahu (summer rice) (18.3%) and boro (dry-season/winter) rice (12.9%). To understand Assam's current pest problems in rice, and their management, we arranged four 2h discussion sessions on each of the major groups of pests (insects, weeds, diseases, and rodents) during an integrated pest management training course implemented at Assam Agricultural University (AAU) in Jorhat on 5-15 Jul 2004, The discussion sessions were led by AAU experts and 19 trainees involved in rice pest management education, research, and extension participated. The gists of these sessions are presented.