HomeDLSU Dialogue: An Interdisciplinary Journal for Cultural Studiesvol. 3 no. 1 (1966)

The Biological Basis Of Cultural Evolution

Brother T. Leon, F.s.c.

Discipline: Biology



FEW of us have come to a period of truce, let alone peace, in the unrelenting antagonism between the material requirements of our lives and clear aspirations of the human spirit. The dichotomy between the material needs of human life and spiritual wants based on thought, culture is an unfortunate, persistent residue of Western civilization. It has led the Western moral sense an oscillating, unstable course through history from a Manichaean hatred of the material as a manifestation of pure evil to the inordinate adulation of mundane values almost to the exclusion of thought. Both excessive love or hatred of either the material or the spiritual trammel are based on inadequate understanding.