In India, rice cultivation is becoming increasingly expensive as seedlings are raised in nurseries and transplanted manually. Rice transplanters are yet to be popularized. Manual transplanting alone accounts for nearly 20% of the total cultivation cost. In most cases, the required plant population is not maintained because laborers are not properly supervised as transplanting is done on a contractual basis. Manual transplanting takes longer to complete. Therefore, major constraints are the high cost of manual transplanting and uneven plant population. Our experiment was designed to explore other options for rice crop establishment during the 2000-03 rainy seasons (July-October).